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HOME IN EXILE                             299

have cut yourself off from your sovereign lord and should blame
no one but yourself."

Su was now to begin a march oŁ fifteen hundred miles from the
north of China to the south, and it seemed to him that he had been
journeying all his life from station to station and this was but another
step in the course which had been plotted for him by the gods and
predetermined at the time of his birth, but only now fully revealed to
him. At the age of fifty-seven, he had known enough vicissitudes of
fortune not to be much surprised by the new turn of events. Fate
decreed that he was to be finally relieved of all politics and he was to
flive as a common man, as he had always wanted to do. He was march-
ing on, unafraid, and with complete peace of mind. He had in his
past life courageously faced every problem and every situation with
truth and sincerity; he was willing to leave everything to Heaven's

Suffering from a strange sense of distinction as the first victim to
be sent across the high mountain ridges of the south, Su set out with
his family. His brother was already at his post in Juchow, quite near
the capital, and he went first to get some financial assistance from him.
Su Tungpo had no money sense. Though he had had a run of good
luck in the nine years of the Empress Dowager's regency, he had con-
stantly moved about and had always spent his salary. On the other
hand, his brother had risen steadily to a "premiership". When Tungpo
went to see him, Tseyu was able to give him seven thousand dollars
. for the settlement and support of his family at Ishing. Coming back
from Tseyu's place, he found that he had been degraded in rank once
more, though his appointment to Kukong remained unchanged. He
sent a pathetic letter to the Emperor asking permission to travel by
boat, as a favour that might be granted an old teacher. He was afraid
that, marching on land over fifteen hundred miles, he might fall ill
and die by the wayside. The permission was granted, and he sent his
entire family, including the three daughters-in-law, to the Su home in
the lake district at Ishing. Tears were shed, but Su decided to take
only Chaoyun and his two younger sons with him.

June had arrived when they stopped at Yichen, across the river from
Nanking. Persecution of the Yuanyu officials was at its height; over
thirty of the highest officials were now exiled. Su Tungpo was
degraded a third time. He was no longer to be a magistrate, but was to
be confined with a nominal military rank in the district of Huichow,
about seventy miles east of Canton. The situation had completely
altered, and he decided to send his second son also to the Ishing farm
- and continue his voyage only with Kuo, then twenty-two, and Chaoyun
and two old maid-servants. His disciple Chang Lei, who at the time